Frontlet with frogs, Tsimshian (Gitksan?) Northern British Columbia Mainland, Skeena River? c. 1825-1850 Birch, paint, abalone
Fenimore Art Museum
Prehistoric cave paintings form the Chauvet Cave in Southern France.
Discovered in 1994, the Chauvet Cave is significant for its almost completely intact cave drawings that appear on its walls. Through carbon-dating, it was discovered that the earliest drawings in Chauvet Cave date back 32,000 years.
This is the National Emblem of India.
The four asiatic lions on the emblem symbolize the four virtues : Courage, Pride, Confidence and Power. It was adapted from the Lion Capital Of Ashoka, a sculpture that was figurehead to the Ashoka Pillar in Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh.
Our national emblem adorn the first stamp India made since independence that was intended for domestic use.
Our national emblem also adorns our currency, the rupee.
And the Indian passport:
The figurehead (shown below) also has a circular abacus base, upon which are reliefs of an elephant (facing West), a horse (facing South), a bull (East) and a lion (North).
In the center of the base, (separating each animal), appears the Ashoka Chakra, the same 24 spoke wheel that adorns the center of our National Flag, the Tiranga (the tricolor).
The text below the emblem reads “Satyameva Jayate”, the literal meaning of which is “The truth always triumphs”. It was adapted from a mantra in the Mundaka Upanishad, the text of which in Devanagiri reads:
सत्यमेव जयति नानृतं
सत्येन पन्था विततो देवयानः |
यत्र तत् सत्यस्य परमं निधानम् ||६||
; the english translation of which is:
Truth alone triumphs; not falsehood.
Through truth the divine path is spread out by which
the sages whose desires have been completely fulfilled,
reach where that supreme treasure of Truth resides.
The National Emblem was adopted on January 26, 1950, the day India became a republic.
An Iron Age mirror discovered by a metal detectorist in Dorset has been put up for sale.
The finely decorated Chesil Mirror and a number of other items were discovered in a grave between Abbotsbury and Chickerell in 2010.
Dorset County Museum is hoping to raise £23,000 to buy the artefacts for its collection and prevent them from being taken overseas.
The money would be split between the finder and the landowner.
The copper-alloy mirror is similar to the Portesham Mirror - already part of the museum’s collection - which was acquired in 1994. Fewer than 30 of its type have been discovered in the UK.
The grave, which dated back to the Roman Conquest, contained a body buried in a crouched position, two brooches, an armlet, copper tweezers, coins and glass beads.
The hoard was declared treasure in August 2011 and the price was set by the government in April 2012.
The skeleton, as human remains, has no monetary value and is currently at Bournemouth University but will be reunited with the other artefacts when they are sold.
Museum director Jon Murden said: “These rare and fascinating objects are significant because they tell us so much about power and wealth in Iron Age Dorset.”
The museum has until the end of the year to raise the money.